How To Become A Patent Attorney Without A Science Degree

A patent is basically a government document made for protecting an inventor’s right to manufacture, use and sell his or her invention for a specific time span. The job of a patent attorney is completing and filing patent applications and working towards protecting the rights of the patent holder or the inventor with the PTO or US Patent and Trademark Office and in courts. Appearing in the courtroom might cause a lot of stress and many patent lawyers are also required to work long hours during the week.

Are Patent Attorneys Types of Lawyers?

Yes, patent attorneys are sort of lawyers. There is no law degree needed for becoming a patent attorney. They are special lawyers monitored by their very own regulators. The main job of a patent attorney is advising the clients on those law areas that are applicable to intellectual property. During the training procedure, the individuals aspiring to serve as patent attorneys are required to develop a clear concept and understanding of Patent Acts and even Trade Market Acts. Patent attorneys are also required to develop their knowledge of competition law, company law and contract law. The ones with additional qualifications also have proper rights in representing their clients in matters of intellectual property before the courtrooms. It is to be noted that it is extremely difficult for an individual to become a patent attorney without a science degree.

Why is a Science Degree Necessary for Becoming a Patent Attorney?

Aspirants looking to serve as patent attorneys have to face the obligation of possessing a degree in any one of the subjects that include mathematics, science, technology or engineering or equivalent from a recognised educational institution.  A degree, not necessarily in science, is needed by the regulations that govern the examinations held for registering individuals as patent attorneys. There are many firms that also require minimum 2:1 in a first degree. An engineering or science background is needed by a patent attorney for enabling him or her to understand the invention of the client even if it relates to a subject matter that the attorney has not encountered previously. This complete mix between law, science or engineering is one of the major aspects of becoming a patent attorney. It is this mix that makes the role of a patent attorney a very interesting career. However, it is to be noted that there are many organisations across the world that permit non-science graduates to take patent attorney qualifying examinations provided they have the ability to show that they have undertaken minimum ten years of training in a firm of patent attorneys.

The Verdict

Patent law is not for the people who do not possess strong mathematics and science background and this is something that is quite frustrating for individuals looking to become patent attorneys. This is because if at all an individual possesses a degree in science or engineering, why would he or she be interested in becoming an attorney that is not as a big and as profitable a career as that of a doctor or an engineer.


What Are Some Examples Of Utility Patents?

Patents are basically protection for different inventions and at the same time, they are important improvements made to in, tensions that already exist. Inventions are exclusive just like Edison’s phonograph or electric lamp. The patent realm consists of three distinct sections and they are plant patents, design patents and utility patents. Here, we will be having a look at utility patents and some examples of utility patents. However, first, we will try and know what are utility patents? Utility patents are the patents that protect an invention in its utilitarian sense meaning the way it is used and the way it functions. For example, Edison got a utility patent for the electric lamp that he designed and a design patent for the design and the look of his electric lamp.

The Use of a Utility Patent

A utility patent is the most widely issued patent type which is further divided into three varied categories depending on the functionality of an invention and these include mechanical, electrical and chemical. Utility patents are meant to protect the use and the functionality of an invention. Any individual who invents an exclusive design, process, method, the machine, manufactured product or chemical compound can readily apply for and get a utility patent. Such patents can also be issued for any improvements made to existing inventions which are deemed to be useful and new. For an individual to determine whether he or she qualifies for a utility patent, it is important to ensure that their invention is completely different from existing inventions. It is also important for the inventor to describe all the aspects of the invention in defined and clear terms.

Understanding the Examples of Utility Patent

Utility patents are generally issued to any improvements or functional new inventions of machines, products, procedures, and composition of matter. A machine is something that works like a tractor or a computer. On the other hand, the composition of matter is basically chemical composition including mixtures of different ingredients and new chemical compounds. Finally, a process is an act or a method of doing something which primarily includes industrial or technical procedures. As an inventor, if you do not have an idea of the difference between several inventions, it would be beneficial for you to take the help of a patent attorney or patent research company. This will help you in saving the hassle and the time that goes into figuring out the rights to an invention. One of the best examples of a highly improved technology qualifying for a utility patent is the transformation from LED to OLED. This is basically an improvement involving a chance in the material used for the light emitting diodes to an organic material to a synthetic material.


The shift from the use of the simple mobile phones to the present day smartphones also calls for a utility patent since there is an improvement made in technology and in the use of materials. In the same way, there are several other new inventions and even some improvised inventions that require utility patents.


What Are The Main Different Types Of Patents?

A legal document that protects a certain invention from being copied, manufactured or used by someone else other than the inventor is called a patent. The protection offered to an invention by a patent generally lasts for a predetermined time period and the invention loses protection once the patent expires. There are mainly three types of patents: plant, utility and design. Plant patents offer rights to the one who has created or discovered a new plant by way of asexual reproduction. Design patent covers the ornamental or aesthetic design of a manufactured article and utility patent protects inventions involving procedures, chemical or biological compositions of matter and machines. A utility patent is the most common patent type A utility applied for. Such patents offer protection for a time span of 20 years beginning from the date of application. Plant and design patents are less common offering protection for 20 years and 14 years respectively.

The Different Varieties of Patents

The one and the only individual legally allowed to make an application for a patent of any kind is the inventor. It is only the inventor who can apply for a patent even if the invention was made under the services of someone else. Once a patent is issued to an inventor, the right can get transferred to the employer. There are different varieties of patents available making it easy for inventors to protect different varieties of inventions. The savvy investors can always make use of different varieties of patent applications for securing the rights that they require for protecting their inventions. The three distinct patent varieties include:

Utility Patent

This is a technical and lengthy document teaching people the right method of using a new machine, a system or a procedure. New technologies such as Internet-delivered software and genetic engineering are found challenging the limits of the type of inventions that can avail protection through utility patent. Utility patents protect inventions that are useful, non-obvious and novel. These patents can be obtained for the functional or the utilitarian aspects of a certain invention. Although the protection offered by a utility patent is for a term of 20 years, term extensions are available in certain situations. The inventors need to pay certain maintenance fees during the term of the patent for sustaining the patent.

Design Patent

Design patents are obtained for protecting the ornamental design or the aesthetic appearance of a certain invention. These patents protect inventions that are ornamental, non-obvious and novel. In other words, to be eligible for a design patent, the design of an invention should not serve a functional purpose. Design patents generally expire after a term of 14 years and there is no maintenance fees required to be paid by the inventor during the term of a design patent.

Plant Patent

Plant patent is the least-frequently utilized patent granted for non-obvious, novel and asexually reproducible plant. Here, asexual reproduction means the propagation of a plant for multiplying the plant without using genetic seeds for ensuring an exact genetic duplicate of the plant being reproduced. Plant patents expire after a term of 20 years.